What are Kyo-yaki and Kiyomizu-yaki? Unraveling the deep relationship with the tea ceremony

September 26, 2020

京焼・清水焼とは?茶の湯との深い関係を紐解く
Do you know Kyo-yaki and Kiyomizu-yaki? Perhaps it is an expensive craft that is not very familiar as a daily necessities and has delicate decorations. Some people may have an image with a slightly higher threshold. This time, we will introduce the origins, characteristics, and reasons for its popularity of Kyo ware.

table of contents

  1. What are Kyo ware and Kiyomizu ware?
  2. Features of Kyo ware
  3. History of Kyo ware
  4. What is the popularity of Kyo ware?
  5. Current Kyo ware
  6. Summary

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| What are Kyo ware and Kiyomizu ware?

・ Kyoto's representative crafts

"Kyo ware" refers to ceramics made in Kyoto such as Awataguchi ware, Omuro ware, and Kiyomizu ware. In particular, Kiyomizu ware that was made near Kiyomizu-dera is also treated as a representative of Kyo ware, and in some cases Kyo ware = Kiyomizu ware. It is a pottery that you can feel the "beauty of Japan" by painting the four seasons that are typical of Japan and applying ancient Japanese patterns.

| Features of Kyo ware

・ Handicraft skills shine

Kyo ware is characterized by its very graceful and highly paintable pottery, making use of the delicate painting and excellent modeling power that have been passed down in Kyoto. It is said that Kyo ware was the first in Japan to paint "pottery" with a red-based color called Aka-e. In fact, the raw materials used in the works, such as soil, are often made from other sources. There is no specific style, and all the ceramic making techniques that are handed down throughout Japan are used. Various materials and techniques such as dyeing, Oribe glaze, Cloisonne glaze, and Shiraku glaze are used for gorgeous and delicate shades. Another characteristic of Kyo ware is that all processes such as potter's wheel and painting are done by hand. Therefore, it is not possible to produce a large number. Kyo ware made from delicate handicrafts is not only used in everyday life, but also has many high-value works such as tea utensils and objects.

History of Kyo ware

・ With tea ceremony

Since ancient times, Kyoto was the capital, so it was possible to obtain many pottery from all over the country, and it was also possible to import from other countries such as China, so there was no need to make your own pottery. .. However, from the Azuchi-Momoyama period to the Edo period, Kyo ware will develop dramatically. The turning point was the tea ceremony epidemic that occurred during this period. As the value of tools such as tea pottery increases, upper class people such as public houses, daimyo, wealthy merchants, temples and shrines begin to back up the production of Kyo ware in order to make their own unique pottery. In the early Edo period, pottery was already being made in Awataguchi, Yasaka, Otowa, Shimizu, Bodhisattva, Shugakuin, Seikanji, Oshikoji, etc. And when talking about Kyo ware, the existence of "Ninsei Nonomura" and "Kenzan Ogata" is indispensable. Around 1650, Ninsei Nonomura, who had a kiln in front of the gate of Ninwaji, created gorgeous and elegant "colored pottery" and further increased the value of Kyo ware. The splendor of Ninsei's technology has not faded, and most of the Kyo ware designated as a national treasure and important cultural property of Japan is Ninsei's colored porcelain. His disciple, Ogata Kenzan, created Kyo ware with innovative paintings and high design with his older brother Ogata Korin, who was a painter, and has had a great influence on Kyo ware to this day. In addition, master craftsmen such as Kiyomizu Rokubei, Aoki Mokubei, Ninnami Dohachi, and Eiraku Hozen have created new Kyo ware while incorporating the culture of Kyoto. Around 1800, Okuda Yingchuan succeeded in making the first porcelain in Kyo ware in Kyoto, and the sencha culture epidemic that occurred at the same time increased the demand for porcelain products. In addition, Kyo ware gives a great stimulus to the Japanese pottery industry because the potters with excellent skills went to kilns nationwide to give guidance. In the Meiji era, political and cultural changes, such as the aristocrats who supported the development of Kyo ware moving to Tokyo and the end of seclusion, have an impact on Kyo ware. And while inheriting traditional techniques, while achieving changes along with the times such as introducing European pottery methods, "Japonism" is popular overseas. Many excellent wares were also exported from Kyo ware.

| What is the popularity of Kyo ware?

・ Feel the graceful Japanese culture

Kyo ware was not originally made as needed for the lives of citizens. It has a history of being sought after by the upper class, such as the people of public houses, or those with economic power. In the world of tea ceremony, various items have been made as hospitality vessels and luxury items. As a result of developing while incorporating advanced technology not only from Japan but also from overseas, many baked goods with excellent design have been born. And even now, they are carefully hand-made one by one, as they used to be. Gorgeous and delicate. Sometimes advanced and bold design. You can feel the graceful Japanese culture, and the amazing technique is the reason why Kyo ware is so popular. It attracts people in every scene, such as those that add glamor to everyday life and those that are viewed as works of art.

| Current Kyo ware

・ Attractiveness that does not change even if the times change

Kyo ware that can be pecked one by one by hand. Along with the techniques that have been handed down, works that are close to the modern lifestyle have also been created. Here, we will introduce the pottery that accentuates the interior and the modern Kyo ware that is familiar to the usual table coordination.

It is a platter with an impressive color scheme. The dining table is gorgeous at once.

A cup saucer with a texture reminiscent of a romantic lace pattern. It's going to be a luxurious tea time.

A refreshing and indescribable teacup. Even if you use it instead of inserting one wheel, it has a strong presence and is wonderful.

It is carefully and finely dyed, which is typical of Kyo ware. Perfect as a container for hospitality.

A delicate pattern that you can stare at! It is a dish that you can experience the technique of Kyo ware. A delicate picture is drawn up to the inside of the cup.

| Summary

・ Traditional and innovative "Kyo ware"

What did you think. Kyo ware still produces many attractive works with various techniques, materials, and creators. Please feel the charm.

In addition, you can buy pottery potters and potters from all over the country by mail order.Adult pottery online shopBut we have a lot of nice containers, so please have a look!

 

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