What is "Yachimun"? Introducing features and history!
table of contents
- What is Yachimun's history?
- Development as a village of Yomitan Yachimun
- Arayachi and Joeyachi?
- Yachimun's techniques and patterns
- Current Yachimun
| What is Yachimun's history?
"Yachimun" refers to pottery in the Okinawan dialect. The thick shape and rustic appearance of Yachimun are reminiscent of the nature of Okinawa and the peaceful lives of people. It has a long history and dates back to the time when Okinawa was called the Ryukyu Kingdom. In 1600, three Korean potters from Satsuma visited the Ryukyu Kingdom for technical instruction in pottery. Furthermore, in 1682, King Shosada of the Ryukyu nation gathered potters from all over the prefecture in Tsuboya. This led to the birth of Tsuboya Yaki, which is the basis of Yachimun. At that time, pottery was used as a container for exporting overseas with awamori or for importing marine products, but eventually it will also be used as household items such as vessels. In the Meiji era, the Ryukyu Kingdom became Okinawa Prefecture, and cheap and durable pottery made in other prefectures began to permeate the prefecture. Due to this effect, Tsuboya ware gradually declined, but the "Milk movement" that took place around 1926 recognized its beauty as daily necessities, and Yachimun spread throughout the country. However, in the 1970s, smoke from the climbing kiln for burning pottery became a pollution problem in Naha. The potters move to Yomitan Village, build a climbing kiln and decide to restart. Yomitan Village is now a famous kiln as "Yachimun no Sato".
| Development as a village of Yomitan Yachimun
In the 1970s, Yomitan Village, which was in the middle of Okinawa Prefecture in the middle of the Bunkamura concept at the time, was a major turning point for the potters who had to change from climbing kilns to gas kilns due to smoke pollution problems. was. With the idea from Yomitan Village, the potters will climb the former US military site and build a kiln. Now called "Yachimun no Sato", it has become a village with about 50 stores and kilns, and is known as one of the most popular tourist destinations in Okinawa.
| Arayachi and Joeyachi?
Tsuboya ware, which can be said to be the origin of Yachimun, is roughly divided into rough ware and top ware.
Arayaki, which has been around since the Ryukyu Kingdom began making pottery, is also called Nanban ware. There are many large things such as vases and water bottles, and it is a pottery baked at about 1120 degrees without glaze. The texture of the soil is used without much decoration. It has a rough appearance and a simple taste.
Kamishaki is a pottery that uses glaze for pottery and is baked at about 1200 degrees. The glaze is attractive because it can be made into various colors depending on how it is baked. Most of the modern Yachimun is burnt. Since glaze has the effect of preventing water from leaking and making it difficult to get dirty, many everyday items such as tableware and sake bottles are made.
| Yachimun's techniques and patterns
Yachimun is impressive with its unique patterns and paintings. We will introduce techniques that are often seen in Yachimun and traditional patterns.
It is a round pattern that is familiar to Yachimun and is drawn by hand. You can feel the warmth of handwork and feel a little soft and kind.
A cute flower pattern that you often see in Yachimun. I call it Inguar.
Make a pattern with lines. One of the classic Yachimun carvings is the fish pattern carving. Since fish lays and raises many eggs, it is used as an auspicious pattern for the prosperity of offspring.
It is a technique of applying a three-dimensional line or pattern on a vessel with mud-like soil or glaze, using something like a dropper.
Make a layer of color by, for example, applying makeup soil to the base soil. After that, it is a technique that can produce different colors by scraping the surface to give a pattern.
A special tool such as a spring is used to scrape the surface of the dough into a continuous pattern. The pattern is geometric and rustic, but it has a modern feel.
It is a technique of embedding clay that is the main body of the vessel and different colored soil. Inlays are also widely used in traditional crafts other than pottery.
Among the Yachimun patterns, the arabesque pattern is said to be the most common. It is said that the ivy that extends from various directions represents eternity, longevity, and prosperity of descendants, and the twisted linear arabesque pattern represents eternity.
▼ Serpent's eyes
Sometimes you can see a white ring-shaped pattern in the middle of the plate. This is a trace of peeling the glaze on the high ground so that the glazes do not stick to each other when they are stacked and baked efficiently.
A ridge pattern created by shaving the surface of the base material. There are various designs depending on the thickness and how to put the pattern.
| Current Yachimun
Yachimun is a pottery that is deeply rooted in the lives of people in Okinawa, but is now a popular souvenir. Many people visit Tsuboya Yachimun Dori Festival, Okinawa whole island Yachimun City, and Yomitanyama ware pottery market held in the prefecture, and it is a place where you can meet lots of pottery, from easy-to-use everyday items to expensive crafts. Furthermore, while continuing the tradition, Yachimun wearing new expressions is born every day.
The vivid and beautiful blue that the sea of Okinawa shows, like a momentary expression. I am attracted to the eyes.
The arrangement of plenty of vegetables suits you well. It's one of Yachimun's charms that makes you feel healthy.
Something so colorful and cute! It's as bright as a flower on the table.
It can be used for decorating fruits and as an interior or accessory case. The curvy and flowing curve is amazing. The sharp atmosphere is also wonderful.
It is a Persian blue pottery made in the workshop of a ceramic artist over the age of 80, Kiyoshi Omine. A deep color that makes you want to take a deep breath. It is a popular Yachimun that sells from the soba that has been put out of the kiln.
It is a container with a deep taste and texture. I am happy with the size that is easy to use.
How is it? The number of Yachimun fans who feel the culture and culture of Okinawa is increasing rapidly. Please try various works at Tsuboya Yachimun Dori when sightseeing in Okinawa. Of course, the number of Yachimun that can be bought online is increasing little by little, so please enjoy adult pottery online shopping!
You can also buy pottery pottery and pottery pots from all over the country.Adult pottery online shopBut we have a lot of nice containers, so please check it out!